Team building is the use of different types of interventions used to enhance social relations and clarifying team members’ roles. These activities frequently involve tasks that individuals must solve collaboratively. Many team building exercises are intended to make visible and address interpersonal problems that affect team functionality.
Team building was originally a group process intervention aimed at improving interpersonal relations and social interactions. Over time, this activity developed to address the best practices for achieving results, meeting goals and accomplishing tasks. It refers to the activities in which teams can engage to change their context, composition or team competencies to improve performance. It is distinct from team training, which is also a team-development intervention that is designed to improve team functioning and effectiveness.
Team building is in the category of the theory and practice of organizational development. It can also be applied to sports teams, school groups, armies, flight crews and any context where two or more people work together to achieve a common goal. There have been many issues in past literature about the conceptual definition of team building. However, now there is consensus and conceptual clarity about what constitutes team building. Its four components are:
- Goal setting: Aligning around goals
- Interpersonal-relationship management: Building effective working relationships
- Role clarification: Reducing team members’ role ambiguity
- Problem solving: Finding solutions to team problems
These team-development interventions have proven to have positive effects on cognitive and effective processes and performance team outcomes. Team building has seen the strongest effect on effective and process outcomes. According to Klein et al. (2009), team building is one of the most widely used group development interventions in organizations today. Of all organizational interventions, team-development interventions were found to have the largest effects on financial measures of organizational performance. Recent meta-analyses show that team development activities, including team building and team training, improve both a team’s objective performance and supervisory subjective ratings on performance.
- CLIENT Mediterranean School of Business
- YEAR 2015
- WE DID Coaching
- PARTNERS MSB
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